Software Patents In India & USA: A Critical Legal Analysis



Abstract

The software has, in view a long time ago, represented a pickle for patent law. As many have noticed, the software is a theoretical innovation, yet unique thoughts are ineligible for protecting. This paper explores what that implies, what it does not mean, what may fix the reflection in programming licenses, the enforceability of software patenting in different jurisdictions, judicial approach towards software patenting, and comparison between the USA and India.


The term software does not have an exact definition, and surprisingly the software industry also neglects to give a particular meaning. However, it is, fundamentally, used to portray the entirety of the various kinds of computer programs. Computer programs are, essentially, divided into Application Programs and Working Framework Programs. Application Programs intends to do explicit assignments executed through the computer. The Working Framework of Programs is used to manage the interior elements of the computer to encourage the utilisation of the program.


Even though the term Software Patent does not have a generally acknowledged definition. One definition proposed by the Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure is that a software patent is a patent on any computer performance realised by methods for a computer program.


Software patents are patents that ensure software designs and ideas. These ideas are, subsequently, used for software. A given patent may confine others from creating software programs that execute a function in a particular manner or keep others from using specific calculations. Various nations have different software patent protections. For patent security, software applications should concur with both formal and meaningful prerequisites. These prerequisites can be lawfully and unpredictable, and their arrangement regularly requires the help of legal specialists. This paper analyses the necessities and results of software patents and attempts to address the inquiry of whether software ought to be protected or not.


This paper also focuses on the per cent of patent lawsuits involving software patents yearly and the probability patent is in a suit within four years of issue.


Software Patents in India & USA

The most difficult part of software invention is to diversify it and protect it under intellectual property rights. Software is very different from other intellectual properties. After all, they pose laborious efforts for having uniqueness from those of legal fields. The main issue lies in the fact that software is a building block of invention. Every kind of software has different features which make it group under various intellectual rights protection. A single part of software possesses around 10 million codes, out of which one particular code needs protection. This convolution makes software hinge on different technologies. Many people are of the view that this pattern of the software industry prevents it from getting patented. The way software is developing is very progressive. Hence, everyday innovations are made to improve existing software, and the industry is overflowing with new thoughts and ideas. So, by the time unripe software garners attraction among the masses, it is knocked down the notch by commercially valuable and newer software. So, a sense of uncertainty arises, this, in turn, is a threat for new patents that are very similar to old ones, and innovators usually exclude the former partiality as a whole.


So the market is mainly economically driven rather than being revolution driven. The industry philosophy is doing it right the first time, rather than just doing it first. The logic behind patent protection is to motivate invention for the sake of invention and not for the thriftiness of the software industry or being in accord with it. The one thing that catches our attention is that the thriftiness of the software industry is aces from foreign players. Eventually, the choice is made between high-grade patent protection and low initiation of copyright protection. This choice cannot be made randomly and depends to a great degree on the legal and economic characteristics of both kinds of IP protection.


Researchers have claimed software patent claims tend to be broader, very much advantageous from patents. A brief analysis shows Indian software industry constitutes by a lot of low economy class private domestic firms. Very few of them are capable of earning revenues around 500 million. Therefore, patent protection is necessary for software in small and medium-sized enterprises. First, outstanding simplification is that the uniqueness of software accidents that put in abstract language, which results in patenting the product in terms of abstract. Second, similarly postulates that courts have granted the uniqueness to withstand due to overeating skills of common software programmers. Both the hypotheses have failed to acknowledge the key feature of the software, and the diversity of software patents and refuse that software is inherently practical.

Software is so unique that it should be treated differently than other kinds of technologies when it comes to patent protection. It misguides feature limitations by concerning the judicial attempts in software claims.


The actual invention in software patents is its viability. If software patents are limited to implementation details, described in characteristics points, then it will be arbitrary for judges to come into choices of implementation. The real question lies here is whether software patent scope is limited or whether it should be patentable at all, which creates complexity while answering the question. The main objective is that the software itself is unique in patent protection and its economic benefits to that of patents. Provided the early ambush on software patents, in absence of rationality. It is obscure that software patents can still get a righteous hearing. There is no proof of how much threat snare litigation puts on software patents. The huge lump sum of money invested in these suits by large companies provides uncertainty as they discourage research in technology which corrodes the society from inside as a whole. To innovate technologies rapidly, incentives are given to inventors by the patent system, which causes subjective partiality against software patents because individual cases of blocking are detected easily rather than involving innovations that have pervasive and positive effects as a whole. If certain risks are detected in software patents, then innovative good patents can be distinguished from significantly bad ones. We know software is unique in its way, so for the upliftment of technology research, it is crucial for software to adjudicate the role of the patent system.



Judicial Approach for Software Patents in India

In India, the Patent Amendment Act, 2005, had introduced Software Patents. The amendment proposed in the Patent Amendment Act, 2005 for clause 3(k) is - A computer programme per se other than its technical applications to industry or a combination with hardware, a mathematical method or business method or algorithms.


The Indian judiciary is trying to cope up with the menace of software piracy, which is growing.


Bishwanath Prasad Radhe Shyam v. Hindustan Metal Industries


Hindustan Metal Industries (the plaintiff’s firm) is a registered firm that carries the business of brass and German silver utensils at Mirzapur. The defendant carries on the business of manufactured dishes and utensils at Mirzapur. The defendant starts using the plaintiff's patented method - manufactured dishes for which the plaintiff filed a case of infringement. The Court held that the fundamental principle of patent law is that a patent is granted only for an invention that is new and useful. That is to say, it must have novelty and utility. It is essential for the validity of a patent that it must be the inventor's discovery as opposed to mere verification of what was already known before t