Pollution is not at all good whether it is water, air or noise. It disrupts our lives and may even cause various diseases. Among them, is airport noise pollution that is created by the people or the frequency of aeroplanes, they also produce harmful gases that may lead to breathing problems and other diseases. Aircraft noises are caused by a variety of factors including the engine, the airframe, the flaps, and the landing gear. The engine noise is major in the overall noise output of an aeroplane. Aircraft noise causes adverse health problems and disrupts the sleep cycle of the neighbours. Although many rules were made to control this, it is not being properly followed and here we will discuss some of the cities with their rules and regulations on Airport Noise Regulations. International Civil Organization [ICAO] Air transport activity being a global industry both in terms of manufacturing and operations of the aircraft, it is very difficult to cope with the various local rules aiming at reducing the local noise pollution. The air transport industry requires worldwide agreed business practices and to that purpose, a regulatory framework must be set on an international basis. ICAO is the only body that can establish such standard and recommended practices through its committee on Aviation Environmental Protection. Airbus encourages the ICAO authority and management for the establishment of environmental recommendations that are the base for national laws in the different ICAO member states
European Union In European Union, aircraft noise is addressed in legislation like the Environment Noise Directive and Regulations. Through this legislation, it would be easy for the EU to control the pollution by creating maps and must check them every five years to determine the exposure to environmental noise and take required measures to control the same and adopt action plans. ENDR will be applied only at those airports where the movement is more than 50,000. France Rules of France on aircraft noise regulations are based on international standards, such as Annexure 16 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation. These principles are implemented according to the national level and these rules are working on factors like limiting the number of people exposed to airport noise pollution, operating procedures to limit noise pollution to the extent possible, operation restricting and taxations. The government may also place some rules to control and limit noise pollution like the prohibition of certain flights between certain times, limitations on several flights and may also charge taxes on airports who break the rules or exceed certain criteria. United Kingdom The government aims to balance the economic benefit of high volume flights into the United Kingdom and when needed reduce the number of flights. In line with the European Union, it has also adopted the balanced approach. The main aim of the Civil Aviation Act, 1982, is to regulate noise pollution through limiting the number of flights, maintain noise control plans and for this plans may: ❖ Require aircraft operators to comply with certain requirements before taking off. ❖ Prohibited some specified crafts during a particular time. ❖ Control and maintain that only a limited number of flights can take off during specified periods. ❖ Impose some rules and restrictions to control the noise during that specified time.
Conclusion Places like Germany, Sweden, Italy, Spain and Portugal also have their rules and regulations to control noise pollution and it is very necessary. For this, “The Aircraft Noise Act” aims to protect the public in general and the neighbourhood surrounding the airport from hazards and various disadvantages. It maintains and establishes rules and regulation for the areas which are surrounded by civil and military airfields. The airport is divided into two parts so that according to the noise they can maintain the takeoffs and landings during day and night. The retired places like hospitals and schools may work as centres in an emergency caused by aircraft noises. References ❖ European Commission, Flightpath 2050: Europe’s Vision for Aviation Report of the High-Level Group on Aviation Research. ❖ Aircraft noise, Balanced Approach to Aircraft Management, https://perma.cc/23QA-42E6 ❖ Civil Aviation Act 1982, https://perma.cc/DJH7 ❖ Noise, Civil Aviation Authority, https://perma.cc/YJ2E-XNPA